Tuesday, March 27, 2012

John Cassidy

Ever since Milton Friedman, George Stigler, and others founded the Chicago School, in the nineteen-forties and fifties, one of its goals has been to displace Keynesianism, and it had largely succeeded. In the areas of regulation, trade, anti-trust laws, taxes, interest rates, and welfare, Chicago thinking greatly influenced policymaking in the U.S. and many other parts of the world. But in the year after the crash Keynes’s name appeared to be everywhere.

Monday, March 26, 2012

Jeffrey Sachs

My colleagues and I took a stand in our work several years ago that we would not look for the magic bullet, because there is none. These are just basic problems requiring basic work. Nothing magic about it.
The digital revolution has already put wind in the sails of development, most notably as mobile phones have ended the isolation of billions of people living in rural areas that are now connected by telephony.
The MDGs involve every aspect of life in poor communities: income poverty, hunger, education, children’s health, safe childbirth, disease control, and environmental safety.
Mobile telephony and broadband access (whether through wireless or fibre or a combination of the two), can contribute meaningfully to every single MDG. The gains are breathtaking in promoting livelihoods, improved health, better schools, and other areas.
In the Millennium Villages in Africa, the advent of mobile telephony (brought to very distant communities by Ericsson and local mobile providers as part of their commitment to the MDGs) has changed life dramatically.
The village is suddenly connected to the market with regular price quotes, phone-based banking, and is better able to arrange transport. The community health workers are empowered by phone-based systems to treat malaria and other diseases. The schools are connected to the web by wireless. And countless more applications are being scaled up.

Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza

Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza (né le 26 janvier 1852 à Rome - mort le 14 septembre 1905 à Dakar) est un explorateur français d'origine italienne qui a ouvert la voie à la colonisation française en Afrique centrale.

His easy manner and great physical charm, as well as his pacific approach among Africans, were his trademarks. Under French colonial rule Brazzaville, the capital of the Republic of the Congo, was named after him and the name was retained by the post-colonial rulers.

Sunday, March 25, 2012




逮捕容疑は、生徒は2月22日午前4時半ごろ、自宅で綾瀬市在住の県立高校2年の 女子生徒(17)にみだらな行為をした、としている。





Joseph Heath

The total number of green traffic lights must be the same as the total number of red traffic lights, because one person's green light just is someone else's red light. The same is true of economic exchange. Every time someone sells something, someone else must buy something. Why? Because the only way to sell something is to sell it to someone else. This may seem obvious, but a staggering percentage of the popular commentary on all sorts of economic issues loses track of this elementary equivalence.

Benedictus PP XVI

Silence is an integral element of communication; in its absence, words rich in content cannot exist. In silence, we are better able to listen to and understand ourselves; ideas come to birth and acquire depth; we understand with greater clarity what it is we want to say and what we expect from others; and we choose how to express ourselves. By remaining silent we allow the other person to speak, to express him or herself; and we avoid being tied simply to our own words and ideas without them being adequately tested. In this way, space is created for mutual listening, and deeper human relationships become possible. It is often in silence, for example, that we observe the most authentic communication taking place between people who are in love: gestures, facial expressions and body language are signs by which they reveal themselves to each other. Joy, anxiety, and suffering can all be communicated in silence – indeed it provides them with a particularly powerful mode of expression. Silence, then, gives rise to even more active communication, requiring sensitivity and a capacity to listen that often makes manifest the true measure and nature of the relationships involved. When messages and information are plentiful, silence becomes essential if we are to distinguish what is important from what is insignificant or secondary. Deeper reflection helps us to discover the links between events that at first sight seem unconnected, to make evaluations, to analyze messages; this makes it possible to share thoughtful and relevant opinions, giving rise to an authentic body of shared knowledge.

Ian Bremmer

Globalization, like capitalism, is powered by the individual impulses of billions of people. It is not the result of someone’s economic reform plan, and it can’t be reversed by decree.

Ha-Joon Chang

Since the rise of neo-liberalism in the late 1970s and the early 1980s, many people in the rich countries, both inside and outside the academia, have come to take the view that the developing countries are what they are only because of their own inabilities and corruption and that the rich countries have no moral obligations to help them. Indeed, there is a growing view that helping the developing countries is actually bad for them because it will only encourage dependency mentality.

Robert Green Ingersoll

The real difference is this: the Christian says that he has knowledge; the Agnostic admits that he has none; and yet the Christian accuses the Agnostic of arrogance, and asks him how he has the impudence to admit the limitations of his mind. To the Agnostic every fact is a torch, and by this light, and this light only, he walks.

The Agnostic knows that the testimony of man is not sufficient to establish what is known as the miraculous. We would not believe to-day the testimony of millions to the effect that the dead had been raised. The church itself would be the first to attack such testimony. If we cannot believe those whom we know, why should we believe witnesses who have been dead thousands of years, and about whom we know nothing?

The Agnostic takes the ground that human experience is the basis of morality. Consequently, it is of no importance who wrote the gospels, or who vouched or vouches for the genuineness of the miracles. In his scheme of life these things are utterly unimportant. He is satisfied that “the miraculous” is the impossible. He knows that the witnesses were wholly incapable of examining the questions involved, that credulity had possession of their minds, that “the miraculous” was expected, that it was their daily food.