Saturday, October 31, 2009

Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA

Resource Description and Access (RDA) is being developed as a new standard for resource description and access designed for the digital world.

Built on foundations established by the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR), RDA will provide a comprehensive set of guidelines and instructions on resource description and access covering all types of content and media. The new standard is being developed for use primarily in libraries, but consultations are being undertaken with other communities (archives, museums, publishers, semantic web, etc.) in an effort to attain an effective level of alignment between RDA and the metadata standards used in those communities.

Digital technologies have significantly changed the environment in which libraries, archives, museums, and other information management organizations build and maintain the databases that describe and provide access to resources in their collections.

The resources represented in those databases include a rapidly growing number that have been produced and disseminated using digital technologies. RDA is being designed to provide a flexible and extensible framework for both the technical and content description of such resources while also serving the needs of libraries organizing resources produced in non-digital formats.

Database technologies are also undergoing significant change, and an increasing number of information management organizations are migrating the data that describe and provide access to their resources to new platforms. RDA is being developed to provide a better fit with emerging database technologies, and to take advantage of the efficiencies and flexibility that such technologies offer with respect to data capture, storage, retrieval, and display.

A key element in the design of RDA is its alignment with the conceptual models for bibliographic and authority data developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). The FRBR and FRAD models provide RDA with an underlying framework that has the scope needed to support comprehensive coverage of all types of content and media, the flexibility and extensibility needed to accommodate newly emerging resource characteristics, and the adaptability needed for the data produced to function within a wide range of technological environments.

A second key element in the design of RDA is that it establishes a clear line of separation between the recording of data and the presentation of data. The major focus of RDA will be on providing guidelines and instructions on recording data to reflect attributes and relationships associated with the entities defined in the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) and Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD) models. The aim is to provide a set of instructions for recording data that can be applied independently of any particular structure or syntax for data storage or display. Guidelines and instructions on formatting data elements for purposes of presentation according to specifications set out in standards such as the International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD) will be provided separately in appendices.

RDA is being designed for ease and efficiency of use. The guidelines and instructions in RDA will be structured to facilitate application to a wide variety of resources, ranging from those that can be described in a relatively simple and straightforward way to those for which more detailed guidance is required. General instructions covering basic aspects of resource description and access that are applicable to all types of resources will be formulated in clear, concise, simple terms. In cases where further guidance may be needed to describe specific characteristics exhibited by a resource, RDA will provide more detailed instructions applicable to particular types of content, media, and modes of issuance.

Notwithstanding its new approach, the need to integrate data produced using RDA into existing files (particularly those developed using AACR and related standards) is recognized as a key factor in the design of RDA.

Glenn E. Patton

As a step toward understanding how authority data is used currently in the library context, five functions of that data were identified:
First, the data documents decisions made by the cataloger when choosing the appropriate controlled access points for a new bibliographic record or when formulating new access points.
Second, information recorded in authority data serves as a reference tool for those same two activities as well as providing information that can be used in distinguishing one person, corporate body or work from another. It may also serve to help the cataloger to determine that none of the existing access points is appropriate and that a new access point is needed. It can also serve a broader reference function for other library staff.
Third, authority data can be used to control the forms of access points in bibliographic records and, in an automated environment, change those access points when the authority data itself is changed.
Fourth, authority data supports access to bibliographic records by leading the user from the form of name as searched to the form of name used in the bibliographic file.
Finally, authority data can be used to link bibliographic and authority files in ways that, for example, allow the conversion of data elements into languages and scripts most appropriate to the user’s needs.

Dave Matthews

Nine planets round the sun
Only one does the sun embrace
Upon this watered one
so much to we take for granted
So let us sleep outside tonight
Lay down in the mother's arms
for here we can rest safely

Wednesday, October 28, 2009


morning has come with the first rays of sun
breaking through our window pane
songs fill the air but there is no singer there
just an old wooden guitar playing

looking forward all that I can see
is good things happening to you and to me
i am not waiting for times to change
i want to live like a free-roaming soul
on the highway of our love

Tuesday, October 27, 2009

James Blunt

you're beautiful, you're beautiful
you're beautiful, it's true
I saw your face in a crowded place
and I don't know what to do
'cause I'll never be with you
but it's time to face the truth
I will never be with you

Amadou, Mariam

Je pense à toi mon amour ma bien aimée
Ne m’abandonne pas mon amour ma chérie

Quand je suis dans mon lit je ne rêve qu’à toi
Et quand je me réveille je ne pense qu’à toi

Sunday, October 25, 2009


the morning has recapture the light
and is breathing in the dawn with me

trying to remember the dream of yesterday
fading away from the false and the true

wrapping up in a blanket on the bed
outreaching my fingers to the keyboard

write a message, want to see you now
will you understand the way I feel?

Sérgio Mendes

Oaria rai?
Oba Oba Oba
Mas que nada
Sai da minha frente
Eu quero passar
Pois o samba esta animado
O que eu quero e sambar

Saturday, October 24, 2009

Gazebo, P. L. Giombini

Remember that piano
So delightful unusual
That classic sensation
Sentimental confusion

Pat Benatar

In a crazy, crazy world like this
It’s easy to feel all alone
You give me the strength I need to exist
Just hold me and don’t let me go



Friday, October 23, 2009

Thursday, October 22, 2009

Henry Ford

Most people spend more time and energy going around problems than in trying to solve them.

Isamu Noguchi

I learned the tricks... If you want to do academic things, you can do them. It is not difficult. Yet it is from this difficulty – the mistakes and dead ends – that artists develop, not through the quick solutions and not from something you learn and apply.

sacred spot 2

Sacred spot 1

Tuesday, October 20, 2009

William Henry Hudson

It was a human being—a girl form, reclining on the moss among the ferns and the herbage, near the roots of a small tree. One arm was doubled up behind her neck for her head to rest upon, while the other arm was held extended before her, the hand raised towards a small brown bird perched on a pendulous twig just beyond its reach. She appeared to be playing with the bird, possibly amusing herself by trying to entice it on to her hand; and the hand appeared to tempt it greatly, for it persistently hopped up and down, turning rapidly about this way and that, flirting its wings and tail, and always appearing just on the point of dropping on to her finger. From my position it was impossible to see her distinctly, yet I dared not move. I could make out that she was small, not above four feet six or seven inches in height, in figure slim, with delicately shaped little hands and feet. Her feet were bare, and her only garment was a slight chemise-shaped dress reaching below her knees, of a whitish-gray colour, with a faint lustre as of a silky material. Her hair was very wonderful; it was loose and abundant, and seemed wavy or curly, falling in a cloud on her shoulders and arms. Dark it appeared, but the precise tint was indeterminable, as was that of her skin, which looked neither brown nor white. Altogether, near to me as she actually was, there was a kind of mistiness in the figure which made it appear somewhat vague and distant, and a greenish grey seemed the prevailing colour. This tint I presently attributed to the effect of the sunlight falling on her through the green foliage; for once, for a moment, she raised herself to reach her finger nearer to the bird, and then a gleam of unsubdued sunlight fell on her hair and arm, and the arm at that moment appeared of a pearly whiteness, and the hair, just where the light touched it, had a strange lustre and play of iridescent colour.

Monday, October 19, 2009

Author Unknown

Happiness is the feeling you are feeling when you want to keep feeling it.

Berke Breathed

It's never too late to have a happy childhood.

Sunday, October 18, 2009





Lorenz Hart

blue moon
you saw me standing alone
without a dream in my heart
without a love on my own

blue moon
you knew just what I was there for
you heard me saying a prayer for
somebody I really could care for

and then there suddenly appeared before me
the only one my arms will ever hold
I heard somebody whisper "please adore me"
and when I looked
the moon had turned to gold

blue moon
now I am lo longer alone
without a dream in my heart
without a love on my own

Gail Collins and Felix Pappalardi

Their love was like a circle, no beginning and no end
With his lady by his side a treasure and a best friend


I am looking for myself that I used to be
by sloughing off the dross of life
making my way through the trees
birds and flowers, in the rain, in the sun

I want to meet myself that I have not met
in between conscious and unconscious
always new, no tears in mind
totally unknown, no trace behind

I will leave no trace behind me ...



Saturday, October 17, 2009

Elisabeth Noelle-Neumann

Erich Fromm

Modern contradictions:
consciousness of freedom — unconscious unfreedom
conscious honesty — unconscious fraudulence
consciousness of individualism — unconscious suggestibility
consciousness of power — unconscious sense of powerlessness
consciousness of faith — unconscious cynicism, complete lack of faith

Becca Munson

Glittering Generalities
  • Seeks to make us approve and accept without examining the evidence
  • Words such as: civilization, Christianity, good, proper, right, democracy, patriotism, motherhood, fatherhood, science, medicine, health and love
  • Examples: McDonald’s “Happy Meal”

Garth Jowett and Victoria O'Donnell

Propaganda is the deliberate, systematic attempt to shape perceptions, manipulate cognitions, and direct behavior to achieve a response that furthers the desired intent of the propagandist.
The literature of propaganda often refers to “mass persuasion,” suggesting that propaganda is persuasion on a one-to-many basis. Propaganda tends to be linked with a general societal process, whereas persuasion is regarded as an individual psychological process.
When considering the effect of long-range propagandistic activities, no campaigns have been more successful than those waged by the great proselytizing religions of Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam.


  1. 記念日および記憶に残されるべき時代
  2. 公共の場所および記念碑的な道具立て
  3. 音楽と歌曲
  4. 旗、装飾品、彫像、制服などの芸術的デザイン
  5. 物語と歴史
  6. 念入りに仕組まれた儀式
  7. 更新・演説・音楽などをともなった大衆示威的行為

Martin Sicker

Accordingly, governments and their proponents pay a good deal of attention to assuring public acceptance of the legitimate authority of the state, and employ a variety of means to achieve this goal. As pointed out by C. Edward Merriam, "It is the way of power to surround itself with an array of things to be believed and admired, credenda and miranda." Rare indeed would be the political society that does not have its array of credenda, such as pledges of allegiance, national credos, and patriotic mythologies and propaganda, all calculated to install loyalty to the sate or at least forbearance in regard to it. In some countries, most especially in Musilim world and in some remaining Communist states, religion and ideology, respectively, continue to play a critical role in inclucating obedience to te state are treated to a variety of miranda, including military parades, flags and coats of arms, and patriotic art and other visual symbols, in addition to the sounds of national anthems and patriotic hymns and songs.

Thursday, October 15, 2009

Francis Jammes

Il y avait un ouvrier très travailleur, dont la femme était bonne et la petite fille jolie. Ils habitaient dans une grande ville.
Pour la fête du père, on acheta une belle salade blanche et un poulet que l’on fit rôtir. Et tout le monde était bien content, ce Dimanche matin, même le petit chat qui regardait la volaille avec un air coquin et en se disant; J’aurai de bons os à sucer.
Ils déjeunèrent, puis le père dit; Nous allons, pour une fois, nous payer le tramway et aller jusqu’aux environs.
Ils sortirent.
Ils avaient vu, bien des fois, de beaux messieurs et de belles clames faire signe au cocher du tramway, qui arrêtait alors immédiatement les chevaux pour que l’on pût monter.
Le bon ouvrier tenait sa petite fille. Sa femme et lui s’arrêtèrent au coin d’une belle rue.
Un omnibus verni s’avançait vers eux, presque vide. Et ils avaient une grande joie à penser qu’ils allaient y monter pour quatre sous chacun. Et le bon ouvrier fit signe au conducteur d’arrêter les chevaux. Mais le conducteur, voyant ces pauvres simples, les regarda avec dédain et n’arrêta pas la voiture.

Koshi Inaba

if i were inside you i might understand a few things of you
the more i love you the more i get lost in the mist
hold our hands and go to a hill where the moon is burning
it illuminates everyone and our hearts are in the sky
do not smile like always so that i can understand how you feel
i want to know even if it is just a fragment of your heart

Tuesday, October 13, 2009


And my radio says tonight its gonna freeze
People driving home from the factories
Theres six lanes of traffic
Three lanes moving slow. . .

I used to like to go to work but they shut it down
I got a right to go to work but theres no work here to be found
Yes and they say were gonna have to pay whats owed
Were gonna have to reap from some seed thats been sowed
And the birds up on the wires and the telegraph poles
They can always fly away from this rain and this cold
You can hear them singing out their telegraph code
All the way down the telegraph road

Bob Sheehan

Just think about what you and I have been through
And tell me why I should not be afraid
I said don't want to hear about the promises they told us
I don't want to hear about the progress that they made

Well fear not, cause my fear soon turns to anger
As I watch my world get ruined by a pristine hand
And I'm out here, saying Excuse me like a stranger
Cause I never did learn how to say Isn't this grand


Я цябе люблю.


아이 러브 유


I love you.

Monday, October 12, 2009

Sunday, October 11, 2009

Darko Obradovic

It's all about similarity!

Compare A and B on attribute level with similarity function: $sim_i = sim($att_A_i, $att_B_i), similarity values are between 0 and 1 (0.0 is no similarity at all; 1.0 is equality)

The overall similarity between A and B is the mean value of their attribute's similarities: $sim_A_B = ($sim_1 + ... + $sim_n) / n

$sim_You_I = 1.0

Robert Alan Dahl

A society employs many techniques: hero worship; history; story; ceremonials; parades; oratory; music. In modern times, the public-school system, particularly in the United States, has become a powerful vehicle of social indoctrination in the myths necessary to polyarchy. The theater, movies, books, magazines, newspapers puor upon the individual a steady stream of admonition serving to distunguish acceptable from unacceptable political behavior. In the ubiquitous voluntary clubs characteristic of the United States youth and adults learn what political behaviors is taboo, what is approved and rewarded. In these ways individuals are indoctrinated with an unreasoned inner convision of the fitness and rightness of polytical systems.

Elleb Am

In life, there are moments when you miss someone so much that you feel like you could only fulfill your dreams by holding that person tight in your arms.

William McGuire

High self-esteem is associated with low need for ego defense, greater capacity for focusing one's attention, and lower levels of anxiety - all of which conduce toward a higher probability of reception of persuasive communication. As regards the expected negative relationship between self-esteem and acceptance of the communications which one has received, one could argue that people possessing little self-esteem tend to yield uncritically to whatever communications they happen to encounter.

Niels Bohr

The best weapon of a dictatorship is secrecy, but the best weapon of a democracy should be the weapon of openness.

The opposite of a fact is falsehood, but the opposite of one profound truth may very well be another profound truth.
There are trivial truths and the great truths. The opposite of a trivial truth is plainly false. The opposite of a great truth is also true.

Carl Hovland

The effectiveness of a message depends on the expertness and trustworthiness of the source. Expertness is defined as the perceived ability of the source to make valid assertions. Trustworthiness is defined as the perceived willingness of the source to make valid assertions. The expertise and trustworthiness of an endorser in an ad are the two most important dimensions to credibility.

Rod McKuen

Love, at best, is giving what you need to get.

Ayala Malakh-Pines

Indeed it seems that people are attracted to partners to whom, in general ways, they are similar — in background, values, interests, and intelligence — but who complement us in a particular, significant personality dimension.

Marvin Rytting, Roger Ware, Patricia Hopkins

Similarity has been found to exert the major influence on the definition of the ideal mate.

Robert Krueger, Avshalom Caspi

Similar partners were found to be pleasurable and arousing, dissimilar partners repulsive.

Thursday, October 8, 2009

Michio Yamagami

i know i can not forget you but i will
it was too late when two of us came across
putting out a candle frame i will live
holding my heart in dark despair
we couldn't believe our destiny of love but
now if you are here i will run up to you
holding you tight we will escape
to an unknown place but i accept
it's all over sad

Martina McBride

you can spend your whole life building something from nothing
one storm can come and blow it all away
build it anyway
you can chase a dream that seems so out of reach and you know it might not ever come your way
dream it anyway
this world's gone crazy and it's hard to believe that tomorrow will be better than today
believe it anyway
you can love someone with all your heart, for all the right reasons, and in a moment they can choose to walk away
love 'em anyway

Tuesday, October 6, 2009

Ambrose Bierce

Day, n. A period of twenty-four hours, mostly misspent.

Denis Waitely

Time is an equal opportunity employer. Each human being has exactly the same number of hours and minutes every day. Rich people can't buy more hours. Scientists can't invent new minutes. And you can't save time to spend it on another day. Even so, time is amazingly fair and forgiving. No matter how much time you've wasted in the past, you still have an entire tomorrow.

Eleanor Roosevelt

Christine Slotte

Mary Robinson

Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 29

(3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
(3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United States.

Monday, October 5, 2009






Brigitte Bardot

J’ai donné ma jeunesse et ma beauté aux hommes, je donne ma sagesse et mon expérience aux animaux.

Freedom House

Freedom House, an independent nongovernmental organization, supports the expansion of freedom in the world. Freedom is possible only in democratic political systems in which the governments are accountable to their own people; the rule of law prevails; and freedoms of expression, association, and belief, as well as respect for the rights of minorities and women, are guaranteed.
Freedom ultimately depends on the actions of committed and courageous men and women. We support nonviolent civic initiatives in societies where freedom is denied or under threat and we stand in opposition to ideas and forces that challenge the right of all people to be free. Freedom House functions as a catalyst for freedom, democracy and the rule of law through its analysis, advocacy and action.
Freedom House’s diverse Board of Trustees is united in the view that American leadership in international affairs is essential to the causes of human rights and democracy.

Amnesty International

Amnesty International's mission is to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated. Members and supporters of it exert influence on governments, political bodies, companies and intergovernmental groups. Activists of Amnesty International take up human rights issues by mobilizing public pressure through mass demonstrations, vigils and direct lobbying as well as online and offline campaigning.


if you are a musician
i will be your listener everyday
with a great pleasure
with a little silence
and with so much passion for you

if you are a prostitute
i will be your customer everyday
with a lot of money
with a little jealous
and with so many roses for you

if you are a professor
i will be in your class everyday
with impossible problems
with a minimum conflict
and with a lot of efforts for you

if you are nobody
i will be here for you everyday
nothing to give
nothing to take
just with whole lot of love

Sunday, October 4, 2009



Tekla Bądarzewska-Baranowska

Beth Chatto

We cannot imitate nature but we can be guided by nature.

Saturday, October 3, 2009



Estudio Kaplicky

R. James King

With the constant wave of changes that have washed against libraries over the past decade, many libraries have adopted a defensive position, fighting to stay alive.


La perspective, inventée au XVIe siècle dans le domaine de la peinture, viendra hiérarchiser les plans. Mais la perspective n’est pas une vision naturelle, elle est reconstruction. Il faut revenir à Platon pour retrouver toutes ces implications …, Platon qui serait du côté de l’art byzantin où tous les plans se chevauchent, bouleversent la perspective et nous avec.

Michel de Montaigne

Je donne mon avis non comme bon mais comme mien.


街を去った人に もう何も望まない
故郷みたいにここに 戻ることはできない
どこか遠い国で やすらぎだけをつかむ
それができるならば おかまいじゃないの
誰がどこへ行こうとも かまわないけれど
私はいる このさわがしい楽園に

Никола́й Заболо́цкий

Я склонюсь над твоими коленями.
Обмниму их с неистовой силою.
И слезами и стихотворениями
Обожгу тебя горькую, милую.

Что прибавится - не убавится
Что не сбудется - позабудется ..
Отчего же ты плачешь, красавица?
Или мне это только чудится!


Friday, October 2, 2009



U.S. Department of State

The protection of fundamental human rights was a foundation stone in the establishment of the United States over 200 years ago. Since then, a central goal of U.S. foreign policy has been the promotion of respect for human rights, as embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The United States understands that the existence of human rights helps secure the peace, deter aggression, promote the rule of law, combat crime and corruption, strengthen democracies, and prevent humanitarian crises.

Because the promotion of human rights is an important national interest, the United States seeks to:
  • Hold governments accountable to their obligations under universal human rights norms and international human rights instruments;
  • Promote greater respect for human rights, including freedom from torture, freedom of expression, press freedom, women's rights, children's rights, and the protection of minorities;
  • Promote the rule of law, seek accountability, and change cultures of impunity;
  • Assist efforts to reform and strengthen the institutional capacity of the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the UN Commission on Human Rights; and
  • Coordinate human rights activities with important allies, including the EU, and regional organizations.
The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL) applies three key principles to its work on human rights:

First, DRL strives to learn the truth and state the facts in all of its human rights investigations, reports on country conditions, speeches and votes in the UN, and asylum profiles. Each year, DRL develops, edits, and submits to Congress a 5,000-page report on human rights conditions in over 190 countries that is respected globally for its objectivity and accuracy. DRL also provides relevant information on country conditions to the Immigration and Naturalization Service and immigration judges in asylum cases.

Second, DRL takes consistent positions concerning past, present, and future abuses. With regard to past abuses, it actively promotes accountability. To stop ongoing abuses, the bureau uses an "inside-outside" approach that combines vigorous, external focus on human rights concerns (including the possibility of sanctions) with equally robust support for internal reform. To prevent future abuses, it promotes early warning and preventive diplomacy. Each year DRL ensures that human rights considerations are incorporated into U.S. military training and security assistance programs; promotes the rights of women through international campaigns for political participation and full equality; conducts high-level human rights dialogues with other governments; coordinates U.S. policy on human rights with key allies; and raises key issues and cases through diplomatic and public channels.

Third, DRL forges and maintains partnerships with organizations, governments, and multilateral institutions committed to human rights. The bureau takes advantage of multilateral fora to focus international attention on human rights problems and to seek correction. Each year, DRL provides significant technical, financial, or staff support for U.S. delegations to the annual meetings of several international human rights organizations; conducts regular consultations with Native American tribes and serves as the Secretary's principal advisor on international indigenous rights issues; maintains relations with the UN High Commissioner on Human Rights; and supports the creation of effective multilateral human rights mechanisms and institutions for accountability.

Human Rights Watch

Fundamental rights and freedoms are not guaranteed in China, particularly as the government continues to control and direct judicial institutions and decisions. Such control raises serious concerns about the integrity of legal proceedings in controversial cases and has made courts a less attractive venue for citizens seeking redress for official corruption, illegal land seizures, labor rights violations, and other abuses. With nowhere else to turn, people increasingly are taking to the streets, with tens of thousands of public protests, at times violent, now taking place across China each year.


美国约有2亿支私人枪支 枪杀事件频发
美国暴力犯罪严重 平均每31分钟发生一起谋杀案
美国在押囚犯数量居世界第一 基本权利难得保障


(二) 人权不仅包括公民政治权利, 而且包括经济、社会、文化权利;不仅包括个人人权,还包括集体权。
(三) 生存权和发展权是首要人权——生存权和发展权是首要人权,没有生存权、发展权,其他一切人权均无从谈起。
(四) 人权是权利与义务的统一——人权是权利与义务的统一,是我国人权观的基本原则之一。
(五) 稳定是实现人权的前提,发展是实现人权的关键,法治是实现人权的保障——人权的实现离不开稳定的社会政治环境和经济、社会、文化的发展,离不开民主和法制的保障。
(六) 人权在本质上是一国主权范围内的问题。
(七) 评价一国的人权状况不能割断历史,脱离国情。
(八) 对话与合作是促进国际人权发展的唯一途径——国际社会维护和促进人权的唯一正确的途径是对话和合作。我们主张在平等和相互尊重的基础上开展人权领域的对话和合作。

Thursday, October 1, 2009

Uwe Fahrenkrog-Petersen, Carlo Karges, Dalbello

embrace the wind and fall into another time and space
gib mir die hand - ich bau dir ein schloss aus sand
irgendwie, irgendwo, irgendwann
if we belong to each other
we belong anyplace, anywhere, anytime
im sturz durch zeit und raum, erwacht aus einem traum
nur ein kurzer augenblick – dann kehrt die nacht zurück
bits and pieces from your star
rain upon me as they fall
melt into my skin and I feel warm
sweep upon me like a wave

Edmund Husserl

Philosophers, as things now stand, are all too fond of offering criticism from on high instead of studying and understanding things from within.

Mark Knopfler

and what have you got at the end of the day
what have you got to take away
a bottle of whisky and a new set of lies
blinds on the window and a pain behind the eyes